Development in Children
Auditory Processing, Global Development Delay (GDD), Speech/Language
While there are two main conditions that make it hard for children to express themselves verbally, other issues can create problems with conversation. Here are the most common causes of trouble with spoken language:
Global Developmental Delay is the general term used to describe a condition that occurs during the developmental period of a child between birth and 18 years. It is usually defined by the child being diagnosed with having a lower intellectual functioning than what is perceived as ‘normal’. It is usually accompanied by having significant limitations in communication. It is said to affect about 1-3% of the population.
Babies and children usually learn important skills such as sitting up, rolling over, crawling, walking, babbling (making basic speech sounds), talking and becoming toilet trained as they grow up. These skills are known as developmental milestones and happen in a predictable order and usually at a fairly predictable age. While all children reach these stages at different times, a child with GDD may not reach one or more of these milestones until much later than expected.
A child may be described as having global developmental delay if they have not reached two or more milestones in all areas of development (called developmental domains).
These areas are:
Auditory Processing Disorder is a hearing or listening problem caused by the brain not processing sounds in the normal way.
It can affect a child’s ability to:
Children with the problem may also have difficulty responding to sounds, understanding things they're told, concentrating, and expressing themselves with speech. Their reading and spelling may also be affected.
Many people find the condition becomes less of an issue over time as they develop the skills to deal with it. Children may need extra help and support at school but they can be just as successful as their classmates.
Auditory processing disorder affects people of all ages. Many cases start in childhood, although it sometimes can develop in adults.
Children with auditory processing disorder may have noticeable problems from a very young age, although sometimes the symptoms might not be obvious or only become apparent later when they start school, college, university or a new job.
It's not clear exactly how many people have auditory processing disorderbut it's thought up to 1 in every 20 children may have it to some degree.
Exactly what causes auditory processing disorder isn't fully understood. Sometimes a possible underlying factor is identified but not always.
In children, the condition may occur after a persistent hearing problem at a young age, such as glue ear, which has since passed but has had a permanent effect on how the brain processes sound. It may also be caused by a genetic defect, as some cases seem to run in families.
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